Considering the recent trend of forest resource usage in Cameroon especially within the forested areas
like the forest dependent communities within the South West Region of Cameroon, there is the necessity to inform,
sensitize and educate communities about the sustainable use of forest resources. Forestry and agroforestry plays
an important role in global efforts to tackle climate change, preserving ecosystem, restoration of habitat, and other related environmental issues.
According to FAO, forests are home to nearly
60 million indigenous people and support an ample bigger number by providing a variety of ecosystem services
(food, fuel, water, carbon sequestration, biodiversity etc.). For example, the FAO estimates that 2.4 billion people
cook using wood fuel, and that wood energy is a major source of primary energy in developing regions. Equally, the forests harbor
a wider range of our reliable and drinkable wetland thus considered as watershed (Mount Cameroon).
Climate change threatens the delivery of these ecosystem services, and therefore affect rural livelihoods. Agriculture, forestry,
and other land use sectors account a considerable range of global emissions.
In developing countries, farms and forests are often part of complex rural landscapes, which collectively fulfill
the livelihood needs of the rural masses. The slash and burn system of farming is one of the principal causes of loss of vegetation and carbon dioxide emission in Cameroon.Every year,
farmers cut down thousands of hectares of forest to open new farmlands and expand existing farm fields.
According to Conservation International (NGO), It is estimated that over 85% of deforestation in Cameroon is due to small-scale farmers using extensive slash-and burn techniques.
In increasing the resilience of forest systems to maintain and enhance the flow of ecosystem services, mitigating emissions from the sector by reducing deforestation and increasing forest cover, and agroforestry are some of the possible interpositions. Efforts on Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) with some proper foundation of actions in the sector, while involving a widespread application of SFM principles in every climate-smart forestry action, capacity building within local institutions and strengthening governance process is also a priority within the sector.